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AJHS Timeline

AJHS Timeline2018-06-15T07:21:52+00:00

Judaism

1820

The first Jewish services conducted in private homes by emancipist Joseph Marcus

Territory: NSW

One of the few convicts with Jewish knowledge

1828

Merchant Phillip J Cohen arrives in Australia. Convenes regular religious services at his Sydney home

Territory: NSW

Cohen is authorized by the British Chief Rabbi Solomon Hirschel to perform Jewish marriages. Cohen superintended the formal establishment of the Sydney Hebrew Congregation in 1832.

1830

The first organised services in Van Diemen’s Land (Tasmania) are convened.

Territory: TAS

1830

Reverend Aaron Levi arrives in Sydney.

Territory: NSW

Sefer Torah purchased by subscription. Services become more regular.

1831

The earliest Jewish marriage, of John and Rebecca Moses, is officiated by P J Cohen.

Territory: NSW

The marriage of Moses Joseph and Rebecca Nathan in 1832 has commonly been taken to be the first Jewish marriage in the colony. However this Katubah still exists. As the organised Jewish congregation was only constituted in 1832, this earlier marriage may have preceded official records. .

1831

The first formal congregation is formed in Sydney.

Territory: NSW

Services held in rooms above John Rowell’s pharmacy in George Street.

1832

The first Jewish Cemetery in Sydney established at Sandhills Cemetery in Surry Hills.

Territory: NSW

It was resumed in 1901 for Central Railway Station.

1832

Joseph Barrow Montefiore -elected president of first Jewish congregation in NSW.

Territory: World

Cousin of Sir Moses Montefiore

1832

Bridge Street Synagogue in Sydney is consecrated

Territory: NSW

First synagogue in Australia was opened in rented premises

1832

First Jewish marriage in the colony by P J Cohen of Moses Joseph and Rosetta Nathan

Territory: NSW

Jewish convicts were also married prior, but such marriages had been performed by the Anglican ministers, hence historians do not accept these as Jewish weddings.

1835

The first minister in Sydney, Rev. Michael Rose, arrives.

Territory: NSW

There is no indication that Rose, who left the country after three years, acted as a minister at Bridge Street, though the Minutes do show that he performed the duties of a collector. He also appears in the official Bridge Street Birth Register as a mohel.

1839

Jewish services are initiated in Melbourne for the High Holy days.

Territory: VIC

1841

The foundation stone for the first purpose built synagogue in Australia on York Street Sydney laid.

Territory: NSW

Synagogue in use 1844-1877

1843

Hobart synagogue is consecrated.

Territory: TAS

Constructed on land donated by Judah Solomon. Now the oldest synagogue in the country and is still in use

1846

The first congregation forms in South Australia for High Holy days observance.

Territory: SA

At the Adelaide home of Burnett Nathan

1846

Launceston Synagogue consecrated

Territory: Tas

Second oldest synagogue in Australia

1846

The first of just three dedicated Jewish cemeteries in NSW is opened in Maitland.

Territory: NSW

The others were Goulburn (1848) and Raphael’s Ground (1867).

1848

The first synagogue in Melbourne is constructed on Bourke Street.

Territory: VIC

Victorian Jewish population increases from 200 in 1848 to 3000 1861.

1850

Adelaide’s first Synagogue completed on the corner of Rundle Street and Synagogue Place.

Territory: SA

1853

Ballarat Jewish community founded.

Territory: VIC

Weekly Shabbat minyan took place at the Clarendon Hotel.

1855

Original Ballarat Synagogue dedicated.

Territory: VIC

Wooden construction.

1875

The East Melbourne Hebrew Congregation is founded.

Territory: VIC

After separating from the Melbourne Hebrew Congregation.

1859

Queensland becomes an independent state

Territory: Qld

A number on Jewish families left Sydney for Brisbane where a synagogue was formed in 1886.

1857

Macquarie Street Synagogue is established in Sydney

Territory: NSW

Formed by a split from the York Street synagogue. The split lasted almost 20 years, until the two congregations reunited to establish Sydney’s Great Synagogue in 1878.

1861

The oldest mainland synagogue still in use, in Ballarat, is erected.

Territory: VIC

Cornerstone laid

1862

Rev A B Davis appointed Minister York Street Synagogue in Sydney

Territory: NSW

1865

Fifteen Jewish families form the first congregation in Brisbane.

Territory: QLD

They meet in rented auction rooms and a Masonic temple pending the consecration of its first synagogue in 1886.

1873

New synagogue erected/dedicated in Albert Street for the East Melbourne Hebrew Congregation

Territory: VIC

Now oldest in Melbourne and only synagogue in the CBD.

1878

The Great Synagogue on Elizabeth St. Sydney is consecrated.

Territory: NSW

1879

Maitland Synagogue established – the first country synagogue in NSW

Territory: NSW

Closed 1898

1883

Newtown Shule (2nd oldest ongoing synagogue in NSW – 3rd in Australia after Hobart and Launceston)

Territory: NSW

Religious services at the home of Abram & Naomi Solomon

1885

Jewish community formed in Brisbane

Territory: QLD

1886

Margaret Street Synagogue in Brisbane opens.

Territory: QLD

Foundation stone laid 7 July 1885

1887

Jewish community formed in Freemantle WA

Territory: WA

1892

Perth Hebrew Congregation is established.

Territory: WA

1896

Synagogue constructed at Coolgardie, on the Western Australian goldfields.

Territory: WA

1898

Rabbi I Bramson lived in Sydney from around 1898 to 1902.

Territory: NSW

Was not affiliated to any particular congregation and performed a number of Chupahs.

1910

Broken Hill Synagogue foundation stone laid

Territory: NSW

Closed 1962

1912

Opening Bankstown Synagogue

Territory: NSW

Closed following arson attack in 1991.

1913

Central Synagogue Sydney established in Paddington

Territory: NSW

Corner Dowling and Napier Streets Paddington. 150 members.

Relocated to corner Grosvenor and Grafton streets Bondi in 1921

1914

Rabbi David Freedman of WA becomes the first Jewish Chaplain in WWI.

Territory: WA

1918

Laying of the Foundation Stone of The Newtown Synagogue first Suburban Congregation in NSW.

Territory: NSW

1919

Newtown Synagogue is consecrated.

Territory: NSW

Australia’s first suburban congregation

1927

Opening Newcastle Hebrew Congregation (Bet Yisra’el)

Territory: NSW

1930

The Liberal (Reform Judaism) movement begins in Australia with the establishment of Temple Beth Israel in Melbourne.

Territory: VIC

1931

Opening Mizrachi Synagogue (Bondi)

Territory: NSW

1935

The first Female Rabbi, Regina Jonas is ordained in Berlin

Territory: World

Later perishes in Auschwitz

1937

Sir Isaac Isaacs lays foundation stone for Temple Beth Israel, St Kilda

Territory: VIC

First Liberal/Progressive Synagogue built in Australia.

1938

Rabbi Sanger of Melbourne’s Temple Beth Israel conducts first Liberal service in Sydney.

Territory: NSW

Aids the establishment of Temple Emanuel (now Emanuel Synagogue)

1938

The first Liberal synagogue in NSW, Temple Emanuel, is founded in Woollahra.

Territory: NSW

Now known as Emanuel Synagogue

1940

Opening North Shore Synagogue

Territory: NSW

Northern Sydney Hebrew Congregation held services in the Warringah Hall, 43 Yeo Street, Neutral Bay.

1943

Opening Adass Yisroel

Territory: NSW

1943

Opening Illawarra Hebrew Congregation (Southern Sydney Synagogue )

Territory: NSW

1946

Opening Kingsford/Maroubra Synagogue

Territory: NSW

1947

North Shore Synagogue

Territory:

1948

Opening Parramatta Syngagogue

Territory: NSW

1949

The Australian Government officially recognizes the state of Israel – the first country to do so

Dr H.V. Evatt presides over the vote which admitted Israel to the UN.

1949

Opening Strathfield Synagogue

Territory: NSW

Closed 2013

1950

Opening South Head (South Head and District Synagogue)

Territory: NSW

Closed 2017. Now Kehillat Kadimah

1952

Opening Manly Warringah Synagogue

Territory: NSW

No longer existing.

1952

Opening Coogee Synagogue

Territory: NSW

1955

Opening Roscoe St Synagogue

Territory: NSW

Now Nefesh

1955

Opening Yeshivah

Territory: NSW

1956

Opening Cremorne Synagogue

Territory: NSW

1957

Opening Machzika Hatorah Congregation Inc

Territory: NSW

1958

North Shore Temple Emanuel opens in Chatswood

Territory: NSW

In 1958, Classes and Liberal Shabbat services conducted in the Chatswood dispensary hall. Foundation stone laid in 1961 at 28 Chatswood Avenue.

1962

Earliest Sephardi Synagogue in Australia was consecrated in Sydney

Territory: NSW

1964

Opening Cyril Rosenbaum Synagogue- Sir Moses Montefiore Home

Territory: NSW

1971

The first Jewish community centre in the Australian Capital Territory, the ACT Jewish Memorial Centre is consecrated.

Territory: ACT

Features the sharing of facilities for both orthodox and liberal services.

1986

Opening Chabad Lubavitch House of Bondi Beach

Territory: NSW

1986

Opening Kehillat Masada Synagogue

Territory: NSW

1989

Opening Beit Menachem (Chabad House of the North Shore)

Territory: NSW

1992

The Sydney Jewish Museum opens in Darlinghurst.

Territory: NSW

1992

Opening Bet Yosef (The Caro Synagogue)

Territory: NSW

1993

Rambam Sephardi Synagogue opens in East St Kilda

Territory: Vic

1993

Opening Baba Sali Synagogue

Territory: NSW

Closed 2003

1994

Opening Kehillat Moriah- The Hugo Lowy Synagogue

Territory: NSW

1995

Opening Ohr Chadash

Territory: NSW

1997

Opening Dover Heights Shule

Territory: NSW

1997

Opening JCC Chabad Double Bay

Territory: NSW

2001

Opening The Shtiebl- Chinuch Foundation

Territory: NSW

2006

Opening Nefesh Synagogue – Bondi

Territory: NSW

2012

Australia’s first Humanistic Jewish congregation, Kehilat Kolenu, is established in Melbourne.

Territory: Australia

Similar congregation established in Sydney, Ayelet HaShachar. Services are loosely based on the Humanistic Jewish movement in the United States and the musical-prayer group Nava Tehila in Israel.

2016

Opening Kehillat Kadimah

Territory: NSW

Follows the winding up of South Head synagogue as a consequence of a dispute with the rabbi.

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