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AJHS Timeline 2018-06-20T17:16:51+00:00

AJHS Time Line

All Events

1700

Birth of the Baal Shem Tov (Master of the Good Name), founder of Hasidism (Pietism)

Territory: World

1720

Birth of the Vilna Gaon (Elijah Ben Solomon), the leading figure of Rabbinic Judaism

Territory: World

1729

Birth of Moses Mendelssohn, the ‘Father of the Haskalah’ (Enlightenment)

Territory: World

1770

Lieutenant James Cook who was in charge of the expedition on HMS Endeavour arrives at Botany Bay

Territory: Australia

Cook was never promoted to the rank of captain in the Navy but in 1776 was promoted to Post-Captain, a higher ranking. The Sailing Master of the ship was Robert Molineux.

1775

Start of the American War of Independence. Following the defeat of the British forces England lost the ability to ship its excess convicts to Georgia and Louisiana.

Territory: World

Ultimately led to Lords Melbourne & Sydney looking at the newly chartered east coast of Van Diemen’s Land as an ideal destination to rid England of its excess convicts.

1788

Ratification of the U.S. Constitution permits Jews to hold positions of Federal office

Territory: World

7/12/1787 Delaware – 29/5/1790 Rhode Is.

1788

The First Fleet arrives at Sydney Cove. Of the 751 convicts transported to the fledgling NSW colony, at least 8 were Jews.

Territory: NSW

Over a thousand people of Jewish descent estimated to have been sent to Australia as convicts during the next 60 years.

1788

Joseph Levy, the first Jew to die in NSW

Territory: NSW

1789

The French Revolution

Territory: World

1789

John Harris, first policeman in colony of NSW

Territory: NSW

Proposed to Judge-Advocate David Collins to establish a night watch, ‘to be selected among the convicts for the purpose to stem the frequent commission of offences in the settlement’.

1790

Full equality is extended to the Jews of France

Territory: World

1796

Full equality is extended to the Jews of the Netherlands

Territory: World

1803

8 Jewish convicts at short-lived settlement at Sorrento in Port Phillip Bay.

Territory: Vic

1804

Hobart, Tasmania is established as a penal colony at Sullivan’s Cove, Van Dieman’s Land. Of the orginal 270 convicts, 8 are Jewish.

Territory: Tas

Jewish convicts arrived from the then failing colony of Sorrento on Port Phillip Bay to Sullivans Cove – now the city of Hobart.

1820

The first Jewish services conducted in private homes by emancipist Joseph Marcus

Territory: NSW

One of the few convicts with Jewish knowledge

1832

The first Jewish Cemetery in Sydney established at Sandhills Cemetery in Surry Hills.

Territory: NSW

It was resumed in 1901 for Central Railway Station.

1832

Joseph Barrow Montefiore -elected president of first Jewish congregation in NSW.

Territory: World

Cousin of Sir Moses Montefiore

1834

Jacob Montefiore is among the 11 Commissioners who establish the settlement of Adelaide.

Territory: SA

One of the venture’s backers is Sir Moses Montefiore.

1835

The first minister in Sydney, Rev. Michael Rose, arrives.

Territory: NSW

1835

John Batman leader of a Tasmanian group with several Jewish members negotiated for the site of Melbourne with Aboriginal leaders.

Territory: Vic

Batman’s Treaty was denounced by the Crown as contrary to “terra nullius” principle.

1846

Launceston Synagogue consecrated

Territory: Tas

1850

Adelaide’s first Synagogue completed on the corner of Rundle Street and Synagogue Place.

Territory: SA

1914

WWI commences when the Austro-Hungarian Empire declares war on Serbia.

Territory: World

13 per cent of the Jewish community enlisted in the Australian Imperial Forces, compared to 9.2 per cent of the general population.

1933

Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany

Territory: World

1938

Rabbi Sanger, of Temple Beth Israel, Melbourne, conducts first Liberal service in Sydney

Territory: NSW

1938

Australian Aborigines League delegation attempts to present a resolution ‘condemning the persecution of Jews and Christians in Germany’ to the German Consul-General in Melbourne.

Territory: Vic

Led by William Cooper

1945

WWII ends in Europe. Nazi Germany is defeated and its concentration camps are liberated.

Territory: World

1945

Following the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, WWII officially ends with the announcement of Japan’s surrender.

Territory: World

1945

The United Nations (UN) is formed.

Territory: World

1948

The State of Israel is proclaimed.

Territory: Israel

Outbreak of War of Independence

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